Careful planning is the key to a healthy trees. With a little research and a simple layout, you can produce a landscape that will not only look beautiful, but also serve you well by cooling your home in summer and taming the winter winds. Your well-planned yard should contain trees that grow well in the soil and moisture of your neighborhood. Also, your trees should be properly placed to avoid collisions with power lines and buildings. Follow all theses simple rules and, as a result, the aesthetics will increase your property value.
A proper landscape plan takes the following into consideration for each tree:
Height. Will the tree bump into anything when it is fully grown?
Canopy spread. How wide will the tree grow?
Is the tree deciduous or coniferous? (Will it lose its leaves in the winter?)
Form or shape. A columnar tree will grow in less space. Round and V-Shaped species provide the most shade.
Growth rate. How long will it take for your tree to reach its full height? Slow growing species typically live longer than fast growing species.
Soil, sun, and moisture requirements.
Fruit. No one wants messy droppings on busy sidewalks.
Hardiness zone indicates the temperature extremes in which a tree can be expected to grow.
Some other tips and facts to consider:
• If your area to plant is only 4-6 wide, make sure you choose a tree that will be on the smaller side when mature, like a flowering crab tree.
• To shade a sidewalk choose a tree that won't drop messy fruits, like a Redbud.
• But also be careful to plant deep rooted trees near sidewalks, like the Red Oak, in order to avoid conflict bewtween the root system and the sidewalk later on.
• If your planting area is really dry or even the opposite, rather swampy, the perfect tree to plant is the Baldcypress. It does well in both scenarios.
• If you need a smaller tree that can handle a lot of shade then the Japanese Red Maple is a good choice. It is perfect for planting among taller trees that shade the area.
• If it's brilliant fall colors you want then the Scarlet Oak or Sourwood are the trees for you.
• Trees planted on the southeast, southwest or west side of the house provide the best cooling shade in the summer months.
• To attract wildlife to your yard go with a Live Oak.
• And, if you want rapid growth, it's a Hybrid Poplar you want.